Prostate Seminar Glossary


Gentle Solutions for Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Abbreviated BPH Glossary of Terms

By Max Stanley Chartrand, Ph.D.
(Behavioral Medicine)


Note: This document constitutes a consumer reference handout for the Mild & Moderate Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia seminar. It does not constitute medical diagnosis or treatment of any individual's condition, but serves as a guide for education and research on the topic.

A1C Score– The hemoglobin HBA1C hemoglobin test, usually given for monitoring long-term blood sugar trends in diabetics, also tracks inflammatory cytokine cascades and cellular oxygen levels. The normal range is 4.0-6.0. Corresponds with Galectin-3, PSA, and CRP scores. The prostate is affected by general health issues. A prostate exam battery should include this score to provide a clearer picture of health condition.

Adenocarcinoma– A malignant tumor formed from glandular structures of the body. Relative to the male prostate, generally ascertained by digital rectal exam, PSA score, Gleason biopsy, and other criteria by a pathologist.

Augmentin– Amoxicillin combined with potassium clavulanate (250mg./125mg, 500mg/250mg, 875mg/125mg.,etc.). Fast acting antibiotic that is more effective for septicemia-type infections (such as those encountered in the jaw, teeth, around prostheses, urinary tract infections, chronic respiratory distress, necrosis, and advanced keratosis obturans) where the bacterial infection may be primary or secondary. Less interruption of the body's natural immunological response when used in very short courses.

Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)- Involuntary nervous system that regulates breathing, heart rate, digestion, elimination, and many functions of the human body. During sleep, many of these functions slow, especially digestion and respiration, setting the stage for discomfort for males with prostate hyperplasia, causing many to experience frequent urinary urgency more at night than during the day.

Behavioral Medicine– Interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral, psychosocial and biomedical science relevant to the understanding of health and illness, and application of knowledge and techniques for prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)- In response to continual proinflammatory cytokines in the body, heavy metal accumulations, free calcium deposits, food sensitivities, nutritional deficiencies, past injuries, unresolved infection & proliferation of abnormal cells in the prostate gland. To the pathologist, BPH is a microscopic diagnosis characterized by cellular proliferation of the stromal and epithelial elements of the prostate.

Cellular pH– Of all the biomarkers, maintaining the acid/alkaline balance of the cells at a constant pH 7.35-7.45 appears the most important for optimal health, whereas most adults today measure at the acidosis level of pH 7.0-71, bringing chronic disease states at pandemic levels.

Cold Laser Therapy– Monochromatic light @830nm, penetrating 2-3" that stimulates mitochondria for repair of lesions, bone spurs, tissue, nerves & vascular system and physiological features departing from one's DNA blueprint over a 3-5 day period after each treatment.

Crinum Latifolia– An herb native to Vietnam that, from >500 case studies has been remarkably effective in treating benign hyperplasia of the prostate, adenoma, prostatitis, ovarian and uterine fibrosis, rheumatic pain, chronic hypoxia, and sprains.

C-Reactive Protein (CRP)- A protein produced in the liver and found in the blood as a response to infection, injury, or acute inflammation. In normal individuals, measures <1.0 in tests; higher in individuals suffering with inflammation. Compare to Gelactin-3, A1C & blood oxygen readings.

Cytoscopy– A potentially very painful endoscopy inspection of the urethra and bladder for abnormalities, infection, and lesions.

Cytokines– Proteins that act as immunological messengers between cells in the body. Anti-inflammatory cytokines reduce inflammation, swelling, pain, and bring new cell growth, etc., while proinflammatory cytokines cause inflammation, swelling, pain, and in the long term depression, anxiety, hyperplasia, and a host of psychological and physiological disorders, even necrosis of tissues.

Digital Rectal Examination– A manual (hand) screening method for detection of prostatitis, hyperplasia, and cancer performed by or under the direction of a pathologist.

D-Mannose Compound– Derived from oxidation of mannitol, and engineered in molecular size hundreds of times larger from ordinary sugar molecules so as to bypass the kidneys and to be absorbed directly into urinary tract and bladder, attracting accumulated E. coli along the way; resolves most bladder inflammation and infections without use of or in conjunction with antibiotic therapy.

E. coli– Predominant in today's food supply, Escherichia coli is responsible for more than 80% of Urinary Tract Infections. These infections are dramatically reduced without antibiotics in a matter of days or weeks with proper use of D-Mannose compounds.

Foley Catheter– Used in cases of advanced Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (HBP), a flexible tube passed through one's urethra into the bladder to allow otherwise blocked urination.

Galectin-3 Score– Elevated levels above 17.8 ng/mL in this recently FDA-approved clinical test may differentiate serious inflammation in the body, indicative of developing heart disease, cancer, and/or other serious disease.

Gleason (biopsy) Test- A test for malignancy of the prostate and is determined from analysis of tissue samples taken from the prostate during the biopsy. Through a complex grading system, combined with PSA tests and digital rectal examination, treatment recommendation and prediction of survival are determined by a pathologist.

Incontinence– Chronic and persistent loss of control of urinary elimination due to weakening or destruction of bladder muscle wall.

Keratosis Obturans– Keratin of the ear canal peeled off and wrapped around itself, while trapping bacteria, fungus, yeasts, pseudomonas, dead skin cells, and growing at the rate of approximately one millimeter per day. Often confused with impacted earwax, it harbors septic debris that, if vascularized, can create septicemia in the body—usually set off by development of diabetes, unresolved infection, or chronic inflammation. Today, becoming more prevalent in the general population. Must be removed and underlying factors addressed or it can create additional serious health issues.

Kidney Stones– Calcium deposits that occur in the kidneys as a result of chronic acidosis (cellular/blood pH <7.0). Closely associated with incomplete treatment of diabetes, gout, and with taking large quantities of ascorbic acid & inert calcium supplementation.

Malignant Prostatitis– Usually cancer of the prostate; difficult to differentiate from BPH without biopsy. Essential to have a biopsy and other tests when the PSA score rises above 10-15 (below that if suggested by a pathologist).

Medical Massage Therapy– The therapeutic manipulation of soft tissues, spine, and joints to affect blood circulation and cellular oxygen, flow of blood and lymph, reduce muscular tension or flaccidity, affect the nervous system through stimulation, sedation, and healing.

Medical Therapy of Prostate Symptoms (MTOPS)- Use of drugs 5-a reductase inhibitors (Finasteride) and/or alpha blockers (doxasozin), to reduce prostate size. Erectile dysfunction, decreased libido, and dry ejaculation much higher as opposed to placebo group on studies. Other common side effects are: dizziness, weakness, fatigue, headaches, sinus congestion, incontinence, "floppy iris syndrome" after cataract surgery.

Occupational Therapy– A holistic healthcare profession promoting health by enabling individuals to perform meaningful & purposeful activities across the lifespan, using treatments to develop, recover, or maintain skills by those suffering a physical, psychological or developmental condition.

Open Prostatectomy– For those with very enlarged prostates with no alternative options available, several incisions are made on the way to the prostate, where part or all (radical prostatectomy) of the prostate is removed to allow urinary flow. Partial removal often means a repeated surgery in the future, as hyperplasia continues unabated in many cases where underlying causes have not been resolved.

Pathologist– Physician (usually urologist) that specializes in diseases of the bladder, kidneys, UTI, prostate, etc.

Prostate Gland– A walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis, just in front of the rectum. The urethra runs through the center of the prostate letting urine flow out of the body. It secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and from there expelled with sperm as semen. As cellular pH of the body drops, toxicities & plaques accumulate, and inflammatory disease occurs, and the prostate produces a proliferation of abnormal cells and interferes with urinary function. Often, but only coincidentally, attributed to advancing age. By age 90, over 80% of men have (usually a slow growing) cancer of the prostate.

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)- A protein produced by the prostate to liquefy semen, and which rises in the blood in cases of hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Ranges of normality vary from lab to lab, under 5 the general "normal" reading. Also, called the "male PAP test". Danger is that false-positives abound, and many men receive treatment for cancers that have not been determined to exist.

Residual Urine– Small amounts of urine in the bladder that can set off an urgent need to urinate without being able to.

Retrograde Ejaculation– Condition where semen goes backward into the bladder, because of muscle contraction failure, medication side effect, or both, and can be a cause of male infertility.

Short-chained Pectin– A new anti-inflammatory nutrient developed for reducing inflammation in heart and cancer patients. Studies demonstrate its superior effects in lowering the Gelaction-3 test scores. Short-chained makes it absorbable through the stomach wall.

Testosterone- A steroid hormone and the most potent naturally occurring androgen formed by the interstitial cells of the testes, and possibly by the ovary and adrenal cortex, may also be produced in non-glandular tissues from precursors such as androstenedione. Synthesized versions are difficult for the human liver to assimilate. Low-T causes low energy, loss of muscle mass, sex drive, fertility in males.

Urinary Retention– Difficulty in emptying the bladder in cases of BHP, often set off by long periods of sitting, alcohol, certain antihistamines, decongestant sympathomimetric, and inflammatory conditions. Nocturnal urgency occurs because the autonomic nervous system (ANS) slows all excretion, urinary, and digestion processes during sleep, creating "Grand Central Station" effect.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)- An ongoing irritation or infection of the urinary tract, in males most often caused by chronic and/or acute pressure against the urethra as a result of prostatitis or hyperplasia. In about 80% of cases, E. coli is the cause of the infection or irritation, for which D-Mannose compounds have been shown in studies to be the most effective in its eradication. Considered alternative to antibiotics.

Urinary Urgency– The overwhelming impulse to urinate, often when there is little to urinate, because of prostate pressure on the urethra from BHP. Can be especially troubling during sleep time, because of ANS control.

Urine Flow Study– For Urodynamicists (a pathologist), the hallmark of BPH is the synchronous elevated voiding pressure and low urinary flow that can cause voiding problems. The study consists of invasive and non-invasive examinations, tests, including cystoscopy in most cases, to determine etiology and pathology.

Virility– 1. Pertaining to, characteristic of, or befitting a man; masculine, manly: virile strength. 2. Having or exhibiting masculine energy, forcefulness, or strength in a marked degree. 3. Characterized by a vigorous masculine spirit: a virile literary style. 4. Of, pertaining to, or capable, of procreation. (found at